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Wood Pellets:


What Are Pellets?

Pellet fuel is a renewable, clean-burning and cost stable home heating alternative currently used throughout North America. It is a biomass product made of renewable substances – generally recycled wood waste. There are approximately 1,000,000 homes in the U.S. using wood pellets for heat, in freestanding stoves, fireplace inserts, furnaces and boilers. Pellet fuel for heating can also be found in such large-scale environments as schools and prisons. North American pellets are produced in manufacturing facilities in Canada and the United States, and are available for purchase at fireplace dealers, nurseries, building supply stores, feed and garden supply stores and some discount merchandisers.

In short, pellet fuel is a way to divert millions of tons of waste from landfills and turn it into energy.

What is biomass fuel?

Cordwood, wood pellets, wood chips, waste paper, along with dozens of other agricultural products and by-products capable of being used for energy, are all examples of biomass fuel. The most compelling principle of biomass is that it is renewable. The remarkable consistency and burn efficiency of pellet fuel produces a fraction of the particulate emissions of raw biomass. Pellet burners feature the lowest particulate matter emissions of all solid fuels burners. Given the proper Sustainable Forest Initiatives and agricultural management, biomass is virtually limitless, and has proven to be price stable in comparison with fossil fuels.

The majority of North America’s forest is second-growth, and requires periodic treatment in order to address forest health and fire mitigation. A tremendous amount of unusable material remains on the forest floor after such treatment. This material is rejected by high-end wood product manufacturers but is a perfect resource for commercial pellet manufacturers.

By engineering crops and waste such as cornstalks, straw, and residual forest waste, pellets can utilize millions of tons of waste and put them to work.

Many pellet manufacturers take by-products (like wood waste) and refine them into pencil-sized pellets that are uniform in size, shape, moisture, density and energy content. Why not simply burn raw biomass? First, the moisture content of pellets is substantially lower (4% to 8% water–compared to 20% to 60% for raw biomass). Less moisture means higher BTU value and easier handling especially in freezing situations with green raw biomass materials. Second, the density of pellet fuel is substantially higher than raw biomass (40 lbs. per cubic foot verses 10-25 lbs. per cubic foot in raw material form). More fuel can be transported in a given truck space, and more energy can be stored at your site. Third, pellets are more easily and predictably handled. Their uniform shape and size allows for a smaller and simpler feed system that reduces costs. This high density and uniform shape can be stored in standard silos, transported in rail cars and delivered in truck containers.

 



Raw Materials
In Canada, wood pellets are made from material that would otherwise be wasted. This includes sawmill residues -- sawdust, planer shavings, and sometimes even a little bark -- and diseased and insect-killed trees and logging waste that sawmills have left behind in the forest after logging.
Our industry turns this waste into clean, renewable, carbon-neutral solid biofuel



Benefits of Pellets

There are numerous benefits achieved by utilizing pellet fuel, including economical and environmental. Pellet fuel is utilized in a varied settings and applications, such as home heating appliances and large scale boilers in commercial operations.

There are an estimated 1,000,000 residences/businesses in the U.S. currently heating with pellets.

  • A typical homeowner uses 3 tons of pellets per heating season at a cost of about $825. At an average retail price of $250/ton, pellets offer a fuel cost per million BTU of $19.05. To offer a fuel cost of $19.05 per million BTU, # 2 fuel oil and propane would have to be priced at $2.05/gal and $1.36/gal, respectively! (Fuel Value Calculator, USFS, 2008)
  • One ton of wood pellets has the energy equivalency of 2.8 barrels of #2 fuel oil. (Energy Information Administration)
  • Direct thermal conversion of 3 million tons of wood pellets displaces the equivalent of almost 8.5 million barrels of #2 fuel oil. That is 356 million gallons! (Energy Information Administration)
  • Direct thermal conversion of pellets has an efficiency level of approximately 80%.
  • Pellet stoves have extremely low particulate emissions due to their high burn efficiency and the density of the fuel (<1 gm/hr). (Environmental Protection Agency)
  • Every ton of pellets used vs. oil reduces CO2 emissions by about 1.5 tons. Total emissions offset this year will be nearly 4.5 million tons of CO2.
  • Pellet distribution costs less than the cost of distributing wood chips.
  • Wood pellets have a fossil energy ratio (net energy output/fossil energy used) of 12:1. (Net Energy Value Study, University of Wisconsin Green Bay)
  • As of 2009, pellet manufacturing directly employs approximately 2,300 people in the U.S. and supports thousands of industry-related jobs in fields such as transportation and logging. (North America’s Wood Pellet Sector, Spelter & Toth, 2009)



Pellet Manufacturers
Manufacturer
Location
Phone
Allegheny Pellet Corporation
Youngsville PA
814-563-4358
American Pellet Supply LLC
Carlisle IN
812-398-2225
American Wood Fibers
Columbia, MD
410-290-8700
Anderson Wood Products Company
Louisville KY
502-778-5591
Arbor Pellet LLC
Salt Lake City UT
801-746-8310
Armstong Pellet
Armstrong BC Canada
250-546-8484
Associated Harvest Company
La Fargeville, NY
315-658-2926
Atlas Pellets
Shelton WA
208-765-0608
Badgerland Pellets, Inc.
Plymouth, WI
920-467-4404
Bald Eagle Pellet Co Center Hardwood
Tyrone, PA
814-684-3600
Barefoot Pellet Company
Troy, PA
570-297-1297
Barnes Brothers Hardwood Flooring
Hamburg AR
870-853-8288
Bay Lakes Companies, LLC
Oconto Falls, WI
920-846-3461
Bayou Wood Pellets LLC
West Monroe, LA
318-397-0000
Bear Mountain Forest Products Inc.
Cascade Locks, OR
541-374-8844
Bert and Wetta Sales
Larned KS
620-285-7777
Coeur d'Alene
Coeur d'Alene ID
208-765-0608
Coeur d'Alene #2
Omak WA
208-765-0608
Confluence Energy
Kremmling, CO
970-724-9839
Corinth Wood Pellets LLC
Corinth, ME
207-285-7700
Cottles Island Lumber Co LTD
Summerford NF
709-629-7565
Cummings Lumber Barefoot Pellet Co
Troy PA
570-297-1297
Curran Renewable Energy LLC
Massena NY
315-769-5970
Bear Mountain Forest Products
Cascade Locks OR
541-374-8844
CKS Energy
Amory, MS
662-257-2150
CNZ Wood Pellet Manufacturing
Sheridan WY
307-672-9797
Corinith Wood Pellets LLC
Corinth, ME
207-285-7700
Lauzon Recycled Wood Energy
Papineauville QC Canada
888-427-5105
Lauzon Recycled Wood Energy #2
St Jean-Sur-Richelieu QC Canada
888-427-5105
Dansons Group
Slave Lake AB Canada
780-962-8509
Dejno's Inc
Kenosha WI
262-657-1210
Dixie Pellets
Pelham, AL 35124
205-620-6088
Dry Creek Products
Arcade NY
585-492-2990
Energex American
Mifflintown PA
717-436-0015
Energex Pellet Fuel
Lac-Megantic QC Canada
888-363-7439
Equustock
Estill SC
815-877-6039
Eureka Pellet Mills
Eureka MT
406-543-0812
Ecoflamme Group
Temiscaming, QC
819.627.9633
Elkhorn Industries, Inc
Superior, WI
218)-348-6161
Enchantment Biomass Products
Ruidoso Downs, NM
505-378-5410
Enviromental Energy Partners LLC
Longmont CO
970-819-9116
Fiber By-Products
Goshen, IN 46528
866-534-1820
Fiber By-Products
White Pigeon MI
574-534-1820
Fiber Resources
Pine Bluff AR
870-535-1759
Foothills Forest Products
Grande Cache AB Canada
780-827-2225
Forest Energy Corporation
Show Low AZ
928-537-1647
Fram Renewable Fuels, LLC
Savannah, GA
706-651-1000
Fuel Pellet Technologies
Boca Raton FL
800-217-7930
Fulghum Fibrefuels
Augusta, GA
706-651-1000
Good Times Wood Products, Inc.
Rusk, TX
800-442-8519
Granules de la Mauricie
Shawinigan Sud QC Canada
819-536-3589
Granules LG
Saint Felicien QC Canada
418-679-2647
Great Lakes Renewable Energy
Hayward, WI
715-934-4573
Groupe Savoie
St Quentin NB Canda
506-235-2228
Hamer Pellet Fuel Co #1
Mt. Hope WV
304-453-6381
Hamer Pellet Fuel Co #2
Elkins WV
304-453-6381
Heartland Pellets
Spearfish SD
605-642-2363
H.E.A.T., LLC
Mountain Grove,
417-926-4328
Henry Country Hardwoods
Paris TN
731-642-4181
Highland Biofuels LLC
Lexington KY
859-519-4985
Indeck Energy Services, Inc.
Buffalo Grove, IL
847-520-3212
Inferno Wood Pellet Inc
Taunton MA
508-824-4834
Ironstone Mills
Leola PA
717-656-4539
Intrinergy
Richmond VA
804-929-3333
Jensen Lumber Company
Ovid ID
208-847-0889
Koetter & Smith, Inc.
Borden, IN
812-923-5111
La Crete Sawmills
La Crete AB Canada
888-928-2298
Lakewood Industries
Ear Falls On Canada
807-222-3616
Langs Dehy
Palmerston ON Canada
519-343-3353
Lignetics of West Virginia
Stouts Mills WV
304-462-4848
Lignetics
Kootenai ID
208-263-0564
Maeder Brothers Quality Wood Pellets Inc.
Weidman, MI
989)-644-3500
Maine Woods Pellet Co
Athens, ME
207-435-6230
Marth Wood Shaving Supply
Marathon WI
715-842-9200
Marwood
Tracyville NB Canada
800-773-5538
McTara Lumber
Sheet Harbor NS Canada
902-568-2429
Michigan Wood Pellet
Grayling, MI
989-348-4100
Michigan Wood Pellet Fuel, LLC
Holland, MI
616)-355-4955
Mt. Taylor Machine
Milan NM
505-287-9469
Narragansett Pellet Corporation
East Providence, RI
401-434-4800
N.A.W.W.T. & Marketing
Sainte-Foy QC Canada
410-650-5688
Nature's Earth Pellet
Reform AL
800-749-7463
Nature's Earth Pellet Energy LLC
West Palm Beach FL
561-688-7393
Nature's Pellets
Prineville OR
541-337-0659
Northeast Pellets
Ashland, ME
207-435-6230
North American Pellet Company, Inc.
South Barre, MA
603-293-2200
Ozark Hardwood Products
Seymore MO
417-935-9663
O'Malley Timber Products
Tappahannock VA
804-445-1118
Ouchita Pellet Fuels
Mena AR
479-234-7730
Pacific BioEnergy Corporation
Prince George, BC Canada
800-457-0430
Patterson Wood Products, Inc.
Nacogdoches, TX
936-569-1994
Pellet America Corporation
Appleton WI
920-954-0466
Penn Wood Products
East Berlin PA
717-259-9551
Pennington Seed
Kenbridge VA
800-999-7333
Pennington Seed #2
Greenfield MO
417-637-5978
Pike Pellets, LLC
Griggsville, IL
217-833-2460
Piney Woods Pellets, LLC
Wiggins, MS
601-926-7552
Pinnacle Pellet
Quesnel BC Canada
800-967-9777
Pinnacle Pellet #2
Williams Lake BC Canada
800-967-9777
Premium Pellet Sales
Vanderhoof BC Canada
250-567-4701
The Price Companies
Monticello, AR
870-367-9751
Princeton Co-Generation
Princeton BC Canada
250-295-6940
QB Corporation
Salmon ID
208-756-2612
Woodgrain Millwork
Fruitland, ID
208-452-3801
Regen Bio Fuels
Whitmore Lake, MI
734-449-9020
Rocky Mountain Forest Products
Laramie WI
307-745-8924
Roseburg Forest Products
St Stephen SC
843-567-3201
Shaw Resources
Shubenacadie NS Canada
902-758-2095
South & Jones Timber
Evanston WY
307-789-2398
Southern Indiana Hardwoods
Huntingburg IN
812-326-2053
Southern Kentucky Hardwood Flooring
Gamaliel KY
270-457-3618
Southwest Forest Products, Inc.
Phoenix, AZ
602-278-1009
Rocky Mountain Pellet Company, Inc.
Walden, CO
970-531-3820
TreeCycle, LLC
Glen Gardner, NJ
908-638-0199
Tierra Alta Fuels
Silver City NM
525-538-3152
Tri State Biofuels
Lemont Furnace PA
724-970-5492
Varn Wood Products
Hoboken GA
912-458-2187
Vermont Wood Pellet Co
North Clarendon VT
802-747-1093
Vermont Biomass Energy
Coraopolis PA
412-424-8920
Vulcan Wood Products
Vulcan WI
906-246-3883
West Oregon Wood Products
Columbia City OR
503-397-6707
Westwood
Kelowna BC Canada
250-769-1427
Weyerhauser
Federal Way, WA
253-924-2345
White Flame
Orem UT
801-765-1195
Wood Pellets CC Smith Lumber
Summerhill PA
814-495-9335
Woodstone USA LLC
Hingham, MA
781)-741-8091
Wood Fibers Inc
Niagra WI
725-251-4517
Woodville Pellet Corp
Kirkland ON
416-432-6568
East End Energy
Clearfield PA
814-592-5902
Eastman SE
Batesville AR
870-698-1811
Equustock #2
Rockford IL
815-877-6039
Equustock #3
Richmond VA
815-877-6039
FEC
Espanola NM
505-366-8535
Good Times Wood Products
Crockett TX
903-683-2608
Greene Team Pellet Fuel Company
Garards Fort PA
724-966-2166
Hassell & Hughes Lumber Company
Collinwood TN
931-724-9191
New England Wood Pellet
Jaffrey NH
603-532-9400
New England Wood Pellet #2
Schuyler NY
315-724-7166
Northcutt Woodworks
Crockett TX
936-544-2028
PA Pellets
Ulysses PA
814-274-3233
Pinnacle Pellet #3
Houston BC Canada
250-747-1714
Potomac Supply Corporation
Kinsale VA
804-472-2527
Somerset Pellets
Somerset KY
877-404-9663
Sparkman Wood Pellets
Mountain View AR
870-269-7930
Hillbilly Heat, Inc.
Mountain Grove, MO
417-926-4426
Wabash Wood Products
Harrison, AR
870-741-1734
Turman Hardwood Pellets
Galax VA
540-287-2976





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